Research and Information

Building a strong evidence base on male health is a priority area identified in the National Male Health Policy to inform policies, programs and initiatives.

Page last updated: 22 November 2018

Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health

The Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health, also known as the Ten to Men Study, is a longitudinal population-based study which focuses on building a strong evidence base in male health. The Study will inform policies, programs and initiatives that promote health and support to males.

The Ten to Men Study is examining the health and lifestyles of around 16,000 Australian males aged 10 to 55 years across three age groups: boys aged 10 to 14 years; young males aged 15-17 years; and adult males aged 18-55 years. Parents of boys aged 10 to 14 years are also being interviewed.

The Ten to Men Study will provide a data and information resource that can be drawn on by Australian governments, researchers, service providers and communities. The Study is designed to build understanding of the many factors that enhance or inhibit good health in boys and men.

Aims and objectives of the Ten to Men Study

The objectives of the Study are to:
  • Examine male health and its key determinants including social, economic, environmental and behavioural factors that affect the length and quality of life of Australian males;
  • Address a range of key research questions about the health of Australian males, including their health behaviours and risk factors (including risky behaviours), key life transition points, social and economic environments in which they work and live together with their use of health and other services;
  • Identify policy opportunities for improving the health and wellbeing of males and providing support for males at key life stages, particularly those at risk of poor health; and
  • Inform our understanding of strengths in male health.
The Study is aiming to:
  • Examine the social, psychological, biological and environmental determinants of good health in males, including causal links between the health of males and these determinants;
  • Advance understanding of the factors that enhance or inhibit good physical and mental health for males with particular focus on gaps in existing knowledge;
  • Document health service usage through participant self-reporting and through linkage with a range of administrative data sets including the Medicare Benefits Schedule, Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and other relevant health data sets over time;
  • Include a focus on life stages and key life transition points/events;
  • Examine the social determinants of health such as socio-economic status, education, employment, income, location, cultural background and social support, and examine how these determinants may impact on males’ physical and mental health;
  • Consider the impact of sex, gender and age on males’ attitudes towards their health and health behaviours including help seeking and health outcomes;
  • Include a focus on intergenerational difference and explore how the nature of social, economic, environmental and technological change since the birth of older males in the Study has impacted on different age group living in different social contexts; and
  • Assess the impact of changes in health policy and practice on the health of Australian males.
The Study commenced in 2011 and the first period of Wave 1 survey recruitment ran from October 2013 to June 2014. Wave 2 data collection commenced in 2015 and it is anticipated that a third wave will commence in 2019.

The Study is supported by a number of advisory groups including the Steering Committee, the External Scientific Advisory Group and the Community Reference Group.

The Ten to Men Study website is available on the Ten to Men website (


The Ten to Men Study is funded by the Department of Health under the Public Health and Chronic Disease Program. Survey activities contribute to the Program through informing health policy and improving practice through the establishment and use of disease registers, monitoring and surveillance activities, research and the development of evidence based information. This activity also aligns with Annexure A6 – Population Health Improvements under the Program Guidelines which aims to inform health policy and/or improve practice through the use of evidence based information about specific population group health issues.

The Ten to Men Study will complement existing longitudinal studies occurring in Australia including the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health which has been collecting information on Australian women since 1995 and the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children which is a major study following the development of 10,000 Australian children and families that commenced in 2004.
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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: male health bulletins

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is a major national agency set up by the Australian Government to provide reliable, regular and relevant information and statistics on Australia's health and welfare.

Soon after the release of the National Male Health Policy the AIHW published a series of four male health bulletins:

These reports are:
The health of Australia’s males (released June 2011);
The health of Australia’s males: a focus on five population groups (released June 2012);
The health of Australia’s males: from birth to young adulthood (0-24 years) (released August 2013); and
The health of Australia’s males: 25 years and over (released August 2013)

Each bulletin and report profiles may be downloaded from the AIHW website.