Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and the Northern Territory have established mosquito surveillance programs. These monitor relative abundances of a range of mosquito species at various sampling sites. New South Wales results are regularly reported on the NSW arbovirus website. In Far North Queensland mosquito monitoring is targeted towards Aedes and Anopheles mosquito species in residential areas, because of their associations with dengue and malaria. In other parts of Queensland several local governments conduct mosquito surveillance using light traps to direct their control operations. This trapping is supplemented with larval surveys.
Mosquito monitoring in certain risk areas is complemented by the work of the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and other organisations, which intensively monitors for and treats the importation of foreign mosquito species through sea and air-ports.
The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources provides quarantine inspection services for the arrival of international passengers, cargo, mail, animals and plants or their products into Australia. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources is responsible for preventing the introduction of exotic mosquitoes. This responsibility extends to all potential pathways of pest entry into Australia.
In accordance with the International Health Regulations, the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources conducts monitoring and surveillance for specified disease vectors within 'the quarantine zone' at all first ports within Australia. Monitoring and surveillance activities is undertaken at a level appropriate for the risk category defined for each port.
The Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy (NAQS) consists of three sub-programs funded and managed by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. NAQS is responsible for identifying and evaluating risks, and providing early warning of quarantine pests through a program of monitoring, surveillance and public awareness across northern Australia and in neighbouring Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea.